Wednesday, October 10, 2007


Official Name:
Kingdom of Nepal

Political system:
Multi-party democracy

Head of State:

Head of Government:
Prime-minister Rt. Hon’ble Shri Girija Prasad Koirala

Political parties in parliament:
Nepali Congress, Nepali Congress(D), Nepal Communist Party(UML), Nepal Communist Party(Maoist)...

Surface area:
147,181 sq. km

24.5 million

Population density:
163 per sq. km

GDP per capital:
$240 (at purchasing power parity $1,400)

Nepali Rupee (NR)

Official language:
Nepali. English is widely used in business, higher education and the professions.

Other principal languages:
Maithili, Bhojpuri, Newari, Magar

Principal religions:
Hindu(80.6%), Buddhist(10.7%), Muslim(4.2%), Kirati (3.6%), other (0.9%)

Time Zone
GMT +5.45

Working days:
Sunday to Friday

Working hours:
Mid February to mid November: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm
Mid November to mid February: 10:00 am to 4:00 pm

Climatic conditions
Sub-tropical in the Terai plains along the southern border, temperate in the hills along the middle belt, and alpine in the mountainous region along the northern belt. The Kathmandu valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19 - 27ºC and 2-12º C respectively. Rainfall is heavy in the eastern part during June–August, while the western part gets more rain in winter.
Annual precipitation varies from around 300 mm in the north and west to over 2,500 mm in the east. The Kathmandu valley receives 1,200 mm of annual rainfall.

Main cities/towns and numbers of inhabitants
Kathmandu: 671,846
Biratnagar: 166,674
Pokhara: 156,312

Working days
Six days a week

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